|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]许 旺.安娜·卡列尼娜自杀的个体心理学分析[J].绵阳师范学院学报,2016,(06):119-123.
 XU Wang.On Individual Psychology in Anna's Suicide[J].Journal of Mianyang Normal University,2016,(06):119-123.
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安娜·卡列尼娜自杀的个体心理学分析(PDF)
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《绵阳师范学院学报》[ISSN:1672-612X/CN:51-1670/G]

卷:
期数:
2016年06期
页码:
119-123
栏目:
外国文学
出版日期:
2016-06-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
On Individual Psychology in Anna's Suicide
文章编号:
1672-612x(2016)06-0119-05
作者:
许 旺
上海师范大学人文与传播学院,上海 200234
Author(s):
XU Wang
School of Humanities and Communication, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234
关键词:
安娜 阿德勒 自卑感 自卑情结 优越感
Keywords:
Anna Adler sense of inferiority inferiority complex sense of superiority
分类号:
I106.4
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
人人都有自卑感,自卑感来源于对当前生活状态的不满足。安娜的自卑感产生于对爱情的不满足,因为她全身心地投入爱情,而伏伦斯基却不愿放弃自己的独立性。更深层次的是处境的自卑感,包括物质处境和精神处境的自卑感,安娜随时可能落入孤苦伶仃的境地,也随时可能断绝她和社会的联系。自卑感的堆积形成了安娜的自卑情结,对爱情的不同理解造成了她和伏伦斯基的分歧,突出的表现就是不断的吵架。为了释放自卑感,追求优越感,安娜选择了最后的途径,也就是自杀。她用自杀使自己获得了优越,却也因此而失去了生命。
Abstract:
Everyone has the sense of inferiority because of the dissatisfaction of life. Anna's sense of inferiority originates from her dissatisfaction of love, because she puts herself into love with all her heart, but Wronski does not want to give up his independence. In a deeper level, it is the sense of inferiority of situation, including the sense of inferiority in both physical and mental life. Anna may become completely lonely and break off the connection with the society at all times. The increasing sense of inferiority leads to Anna's inferiority complex,and the different understanding of love brings about the difference between her and Wlonski, and the most outstanding manifestation is their endless quarrel. In order to release the inferiority complex and pursue superiority, Anna chooses the last way and commits suicide. She gets the sense of superiority with her suicide, but loses her life at the same time.

参考文献/References:

[1] 车尔尼雪夫斯基.《童年》和《少年》、《列·尼·托尔斯泰伯爵战争小说集》[C]//倪蕊琴.俄国作家批评家论列夫·托尔斯泰.北京:中国社会科学出版社,1982.
[2] [奥]阿弗雷德·阿德勒.自卑与超越[M].李青霞,译.沈阳:沈阳出版社,2012.
[3] [俄]列夫·托尔斯泰.《安娜卡列尼娜》[M].草婴,译.上海:上海文艺出版社,2007.
[4] Gary R.Jahn.The Unity of Anna Karenina.[J].Russian Review,1982(2):144-158.
[5] 格非.卡夫卡的钟摆[M].上海:华东师范大学出版社,2004.

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[2]朱玉兰.论安娜·玛丽娅的情欲心理[J].绵阳师范学院学报,2007,(12):83.[doi:10.16276/j.cnki.cn51-1670/g.2007.12.002]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
作者简介:许旺(1992-),男,山东淄博人,硕士研究生,研究方向:俄罗斯文学。
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-06-15