|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]孙 伟.伊莎贝尔的心路历程[J].绵阳师范学院学报,2020,(04):128-132.[doi:10.16276/j.cnki.cn51-1670/g.2020.04.025]
 SUN Wei.Isabel's Mental Pilgrimage[J].Journal of Mianyang Normal University,2020,(04):128-132.[doi:10.16276/j.cnki.cn51-1670/g.2020.04.025]
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《绵阳师范学院学报》[ISSN:1672-612X/CN:51-1670/G]

卷:
期数:
2020年04期
页码:
128-132
栏目:
外国文学
出版日期:
2020-04-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Isabel's Mental Pilgrimage
文章编号:
1672-612X(2020)04-0128-05
作者:
孙 伟
安徽大学外语学院,安徽合肥 230601
Author(s):
SUN Wei
School of Foreign Studies, Anhui University, Heifei, Anhui 230601
关键词:
《贵妇人画像》 伊莎贝尔 本我 自我 超我
Keywords:
The Portrait of A Lady Isabel Id Ego Superego
分类号:
I106.4
DOI:
10.16276/j.cnki.cn51-1670/g.2020.04.025
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
从弗洛伊德的人格理论出发分析小说《贵妇人画像》中伊莎贝尔的心理历程,可以看出伊莎贝尔的人格心理随着小说的发展经历了一个由低到高的过程。一开始伊莎贝尔的人格受“本我”支配,在这一阶段,伊莎贝尔遵循“快乐原则”,先后被不同的“力比多”能量驱使而逐渐走向悲剧。之后伊莎贝尔的人格发展为由“自我”掌控,遵循“现实原则”,开始认清并接受现实。在小说最后,伊莎贝尔的人格蜕变为由“超我”主导,遵循“道德原则”,从而实现了人格上的升华。亨利·詹姆斯作为心理描写大师,从弗洛伊德人格理论洞悉詹姆斯笔下的女主人公更能展现出人物的内心世界,凸显小说的主题。
Abstract:
An analysis on Isabel's mental course, who is the female protagonist of The Portrait of a Lady, from the perspective of Freudian theory of human psyche reveals that Isabel's personality gradually grows as the novel develops. At the beginning, Isabel's personality is "Id-oriented". At this stage, following the "pleasure principle", Isabel was driven by different "Libido" energies successively and thus was subjected to a tragic marriage. Then, Isabel's personality develops to be "Ego-oriented". Adhering to the "reality principle", Isabel starts to realize and accept the reality. At the end of the novel, Isabel's personality goes further to be "Superego-oriented". Abiding by "moral principle", Isabel attains a moral sublimation. As Henry James is a master of psychological depiction, a thorough analysis on the female protagonist created by him from the perspective of Freudian theory of human psyche will be more helpful to reveal the protagonist's mental world and the novel's theme.

参考文献/References:

[1] ROGER G.Henry James: The Critical Heritage, ed[M]. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul,1976.
[2] F R 利维斯.伟大的传统[M].袁伟,译. 北京:北京三联书店,2002.
[3] 弗洛伊德.精神分析导论[M].高觉敷,译. 北京:商务印书馆,1896.
[4] 亨利·詹姆斯.贵妇人画像[M].洪增流,尚晓进,译.合肥:安徽文艺出版社,1996.
[5] LACAN J.Critics: A Selection,trans By Bruce Fink[M].New York:W.W.Norton&Company,2002.
[6] 陈丽.伊莎贝尔的自由观:亨利·詹姆斯的《一位女士的画像》[J].外国文学研究,2002(1):82.
[7] 蒲度戎,白陈英.《一位女士的画像》的圣经原型解读[J].英美文学论丛,2009(2):224.
[8] ROBERT W.Love, Marriage, and Divorce: The Matter of Sexuality in The Portrait of A Lady[J].The Henry James Review, 1986,7(Winter-Spring,):69.
[9] EDEL L.Henry James: A Life [M].New York:Harper &Row, 1985.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-10-28
作者简介:孙伟(1996- ),男,安徽安庆人,硕士研究生,研究方向:英美文学。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-04-15