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[1]马心悦.被拒斥的“真空”——论埃科《波多里诺》中的虚构与真实[J].绵阳师范学院学报,2020,(04):133-137.[doi:10.16276/j.cnki.cn51-1670/g.2020.04.026]
 MA Xinyue."Vacuo" been Rejected:Fiction and Truth in Baudolino[J].Journal of Mianyang Normal University,2020,(04):133-137.[doi:10.16276/j.cnki.cn51-1670/g.2020.04.026]
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被拒斥的“真空”——论埃科《波多里诺》中的虚构与真实(PDF)
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《绵阳师范学院学报》[ISSN:1672-612X/CN:51-1670/G]

卷:
期数:
2020年04期
页码:
133-137
栏目:
外国文学
出版日期:
2020-04-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
"Vacuo" been Rejected:Fiction and Truth in Baudolino
文章编号:
1672-612X(2020)04-0133-05
作者:
马心悦
四川大学文学与新闻学院,四川成都 610200
Author(s):
MA Xinyue
College of Literature and Journalism, Sichuan University,Chengdu,Sichuan 610200
关键词:
翁贝·托埃科 《波多里诺》 虚构 真实 真空
Keywords:
Umberto EcoBaudolinofictiontruthvacuo
分类号:
I106.4
DOI:
10.16276/j.cnki.cn51-1670/g.2020.04.026
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
本文从叙述结构和故事内容两个方面对翁贝托·埃科的第四本小说《波多里诺》进行阐释。在叙述结构上,两名叙述者的存在使得故事被分为两重叙述时空,在第一重叙述时空中从叙述者A到尼塞塔再到波多里诺的三重视角转换使得读者的怀疑被悬置,而第二重时空中波多里诺叙事主体这一身份的被剥夺则使得这一时空从自述变成加工过的“虚构”。而在内容处理上,夹在理性世界和“空白”世界之间的“真空”地带的存在使得真实与虚构之间的界限被混淆。这独特的“真空”结构打破了读者与作品之间的“契约”,破坏了读者在小说中寻求真实的努力,而这正是这本小说独特的文学性之所在。
Abstract:
This paper analyzes Umberto Eco's forth novel Baudolino from two angles: narrative structure and plots. About narrative structure, two narrators' existence divided the novel into two time and space. In the first one, readers' doubts had been suspended by the change of view from narrator A to Niketas, then the change from Niketas to Baudolino. In the second one, Baudolino's identity as the storyteller had been deprived, which turned truth into fiction. About plots, the "Vacuo" World which existed between the Real World and the Blank World confused the difference between reality and fiction. This novel interrupted the affinity between reader and storytelling, and broke the illusion that readers could find something true in this novel, which formed a unique structure of "Vacuo", and composed the literariness of this novel.

参考文献/References:

[1] 安伯托·艾柯.开放的作品[M].刘儒庭,译.北京:新星出版社,2010.
[2] 安贝托·艾柯.悠游小说林[M].黄寤兰,译.桂林:广西师范大学出版社,2017.
[3] 翁贝托·埃科.波多里诺[M].杨孟哲,译.上海:上海译文出版社,2018.
[4] 韦恩·布斯.小说修辞学[M].华明,胡晓苏,周宪,译.北京:北京联合出版社,2017.
[5] 托纳克.别想摆脱书:艾柯、卡里埃尔对话录[M].吴雅凌,译.桂林:广西师范大学出版社,2016.
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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-11-09
作者简介:马心悦(1995- ),女,黑龙江龙江人,硕士研究生,研究方向:比较诗学、外国文学。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-04-15